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chirurgie chirurgico cirugia Operation surgery to lose weight

Weight loss surgery

     Resorting to the option of surgery to lose weight needs to think a lot first, and consult a specialist doctor to find out the pros and cons, in addition to identifying the changes that will occur to a person’s life after performing them, noting that it is not the best solution to losing weight. Because of its side effects and health risks. 

We will try to mention the conditions for undergoing weight loss operations, in addition to the necessary surgeries for that, with the pros and cons of each. watch video here

Conditions for undergoing weight-loss operations

  • Should have a BMI of 40 or more, meaning that men have 45 kilograms over normal weight, and 36 kilograms for women.
  • Failure of all other methods to lose weight, despite continuing attempts. 
  • A person has serious health problems related to obesity, such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes, inability to breathe during sleep, and high cholesterol in the blood. 
  • Being fully aware of the side effects and health risks of weight-loss surgeries.

Weight-loss operations :

There are several types of weight loss surgery.

Gastric banding or stomach cerclage around

In biological and technical terms, gastric band is referred to as the laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding. The procedure entails the creation of a small pouch with the use of a gastric band well placed around the stomach. The pouch can be filled by very little amounts of food, limiting the amount of food that one can eat in order to fill it. One feels full very fast, eliminating the need to consume great amounts of food.

The gastric band is fastened after surgery by connecting it to a device placed under the skin, which is at the center of the chest. In order to attain the desired results, the band is tightened severally. This is done to prevent any need of anesthesia by injecting the device with some salt water with the use of a needle through the skin.

Sleeve Gastrectomy

In this procedure, a vast part of the stomach is reduced, making it very small in comparison to the way it was prior to the surgery. Just as with the aforementioned surgeries, one feels full very fast thus massively reducing the amount of food that once consumes.

The now smaller stomach will secrete very small amounts of hormones that cause hunger, making you not feel hungry as fast as you used to be.

Gastric Bypass :

Gastric bypass is also known as Roux-en-y gastric bypass. The stomach is subdivided into two parts. A small pouch is created at the top of the stomach with the use of surgical staples. The rest of the stomach is bypassed by directly connecting the pouch to the small intestine. Similarly, it hugely reduces the amount of food needed for one to fill full. This ultimately ensures you consume less food, and thus you will absorb very little calories. Your body shall also absorb very few minerals.

Despite this, gastric bypass has a coupling disadvantage in that if one does not adhere to a very good and strict diet, it could cause dumping syndrome or even possible malnutrition.

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